Rousseauís Social Contract: The Formation of Government and the New Self

  1. The Sovereign and the Government
    1. Maintaining the Sovereign and Obeying the General Will
    2. The Role of the Magistrate
    3. The Ego of the Government: Particular Will and Corporate Will
  1. The Types of Government
    1. Democracy
    2. Aristocracy
    3. Monarchy
    4. The Situation in France in 1762
  1. The Degeneration of Government and the Necessity of Virtue
    1. Anarchy: Ochlocracy, Oligarchy, and Tyrrany
    2. The Example of Rome
    3. Civic Virtue
  1. Religion and the State
    1. Church and State Separation
    2. The Examples of France and England
    3. Civil Religion
  1. The Consequences of The Social Contract: Kantís "What is Enlightenment?"
    1. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804): The Critiques and the Kantian Crisis
    2. Ethics, Morals, and Tolerance
    3. The Metaphysical Self and the Beginning of Idealism
    4. The Categorical Imperative: "Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law."
    5. Kantís Appeal to Frederick