Virgilís Aeneid, Books I-VI:

Greek Civilization and Roman Empire

  1. From Greece to Rome
    1. Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE) and the Hellenistic Age (336-220 BCE)
    2. The Roman Conquest of the World (220-167 BCE)
    3. The Roman Republic (c.220-44 BCE)
  1. The Age of the Caesars
    1. Julius Caesar (c. 100-44 BCE)
    2. Octavian, later Caesar Augustus (63 BCE-14 CE)
    3. Literary Life in Augustan Rome
  1. Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19BCE): Virgil
    1. Life
    2. Poetry: Eclogues, Georgics, and The Aeneid.
  1. The Aeneid: Epic as Tragedy
    1. Tragic and Comic
    2. The Roman View of Greece
    3. History and Consciousness
  1. Book I: The Forces at Work in the Aeneid
    1. Invocation: "Of arms and the man I sing"
      1. Arma virumque cano, Troiae qui primus ab oris
        Italiam, fato profugus, Laviniaque venit
        litora, multum ille et terris iactatus et alto
        vi superum saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram;
        multa quoque et bello passus, dum conderet urbem,
        inferretque deos Latio, genus unde Latinum,
        Albanique patres, atque altae moenia Romae
Drydenís translation:

Arms, and the man I sing, who, forc'd by fate,
And haughty Juno's unrelenting hate,
Expell'd and exil'd, left the Trojan shore.
Long labors, both by sea and land, he bore,
And in the doubtful war, before he won
The Latian realm, and built the destin'd town;
His banish'd gods restor'd to rites divine,
And settled sure succession in his line,
From whence the race of Alban fathers come,
And the long glories of majestic Rome.

    1. Piety
    2. Fury
    3. Fate
  1. Book II: The End of the Trojan War
    1. The Trojan Horse
    2. The Sacking of the City
    3. The Escape from Troy

Then come, dear father. Arms around my neck:

Iíll take you on my shoulders, no great weight.

Whatever happens, both will face one danger,

Find one safety.

  1. Book III: Shadows of Troy and Danger at Sea
    1. Mixed Signs
    2. Helenus, Andromache, and Chaonia
    3. Retracing Odysseusí Journey
  1. Literary Essays
    1. Form and Content
    2. Claims
    3. Proof
  1. The Introduction
    1. Subject and Scope
    2. Method and Structure
    3. Thesis
  1. Constructing a Thesis Statement
    1. The Subject-Verb-Object Core
    2. From Vague to Specific
    3. From Dull to Interesting
    4. From Trivial to Significant